Monday, July 20, 2015
“I believe this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to Earth.”
President John F. Kennedy
May 25, 1961
Eight years later, on July 20, 1969 at 10:56 pm EDT, Neil Armstrong stepped out of the Apollo 11 Lunar Landing Module onto the surface of the moon and proclaimed, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”
Fellow astronaut Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Jr. joined him less than an hour later to explore the lunar surface, take photographs, collect samples, and conduct a few scientific tests. They also planted a U.S. flag in the gray dust and left a plaque with the inscription, “Here men from the planet Earth first set foot on the moon–July 1969 A.D–We came in peace for all mankind.” After speaking with President Richard M. Nixon via Houston, Armstrong and Aldrin returned to the lunar module to sleep before lifting off at 1:54 pm on July 21 to dock with the Apollo 11 spacecraft piloted by astronaut Mike Collins. The three astronauts splashed down in the Pacific Ocean at 12:51 p.m. on July 24.
NASA completed five other successful lunar landing missions. The famous aborted Apollo 13 mission reached lunar orbit but did not land. Apollo 17 astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt were the last Americans to walk on the moon. They left the lunar surface on December 14, 1972.
The work of some 400,000 scientists, engineers, technicians, and astronauts contributed to the Apollo space program. Their skill, determination, and courage opened the universe to mankind.
Video: Synopsis of Apollo 11 mission https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cwZb2mqId0A
Apollo 11 crew, left to right: Neil Armstrong, Mike Collins and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin Jr.
To commemorate the City of Troy’s 60th Anniversary in 2015, we will publish a different story each day that highlights a person, discovery, or event that occurred locally, regionally, nationally, or even globally between 1955 and 2015 and that helped shape our lives and our community. We will try to post stories on important anniversary dates, but we also realize that dates are less critical than content and context. We will include the facts related to controversial stories, allowing our readers to form their own opinions. We invite you to read and comment on the stories. Your suggestions for topics are also welcome and can be posted on our Facebook page, www.facebook.com/TroyHistoricVillage. You can also email stories or ideas to the 365 Story Editor at firstname.lastname@example.org